Stephen Arnold is an associate professor of instructional technology. He has a Ph.D. in Instructional Technology and an M.Ed. in Industrial Technology Education from the University of Idaho and a B.Ed. in Elementary Education from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. Previously he was a faculty member and program director of the Elementary and Early Childhood Education programs at UA Sierra Vista, providing extensive outreach to rural Arizona border communities, and to urban students seeking alternative paths to education. Before coming to the UA, he was an assistant professor at Kent State University in the School of Teaching, Learning, and Curriculum Studies. His research examines increasing digital and media literacy in at-risk early-childhood to adult populations. In collaboration with the National Park Service, he is examining ways to increase structured environmental science engagement opportunities for the 300 million annual visitors attending its combined 85-million-acre outdoor classroom. In addition to his academic experience, Arnold served in the U.S. Army, spent time as an instructional systems specialist for the Department of Defense, and has worked for the National Park Service as an interpretive park ranger providing environmental science education to thousands of visitors from all over the world in multiple national parks, including Yellowstone, Glacier, Sitka, Grand Teton, Denali, Wrangell-St. Elias, and Bryce Canyon.